Sulphation deficit in “low-functioning” autistic children: a pilot study

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Uploaded date: December 24, 2023


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Referenced in Chapter 4 of The Salicylate Handbook. Read original research source.

Source Information

Publication date: 1999

Source Type: Original research article

Original source/Referenced in: 

The Salicylate Handbook bibliography by Sharla Race

CSE Citation: Alberti A, Pirrone P, Elia M, Waring RH, Romano C. Sulphation deficit in "low-functioning" autistic children: a pilot study. Biological Psychiatry. 1999;46(3):420-4.
Author Abstract:

Background: Parents of autistic children and autism support groups often report that autistic episodes are exacerbated when the children eat certain foodstuffs such as dairy products, chocolates, wheat, corn sugar, apples, and bananas. The hypothesis that autistic behavior might be related to metabolic dysfunctions has led us to investigate in a group of “low functioning” autistic children and in an age-matched control group each made up of 20 subjects, the sulphation capacity available.
Methods: Utilizing the biochemical characteristics of paracetamol we evaluated by high performance liquid chromatography, the urine paracetamol–sulfate/paracetamol-glucuronide (PS/PG) ratio in all subjects following administration of this drug.
Results: The PS/PG ratio in the group of autistic subjects gave a significantly lower result than the control group with p < .00002.
Conclusions: The inability to effectively metabolize certain compounds particularly phenolic amines, toxic for the CNS, could exacerbate the wide spectrum of autistic behavior.